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Slipper Mill Pond History - Timeline Detail


  • CCTV installed on Slipper Mill, following the high levels of antisocial behaviour in 2022

  • Annual Dinner held at Emsworth Sailling Club for the first time as the Brookfield Hotel being refurbished


  • Concrete Sluice Apron/Outfall repaired at a cost of £2208

  • Ownership of Pond transferred to the CIO on 22 April - see THE EMS Newspaper article

  • Broomfield Schools Photographic Competition held for first time since 2019 - record number of photos entered.

  • Annual Dinner also held.

  • After the Sussex Wildlife Trust surveyed the Pond, the LWS Technical Panel reaffirmed the Pond's status as a Local Wildlife Site (LWS)


  • First year of operating as a Charitable Incorporated Organisation (CIO).  Old SMPPA charity no. 277744 closed. 

  • Frames and wires installed on all 3 bird rafts to deter the Great Black Backed Gulls from nesting (as voted at the 2020 AGM paper vote).

  • Membership drive resulted in 50 new members.

  • First full year of income from Dolphin Quay boatyard.

  • Pond Owners agreed to gift the Pond to the SMPPA - legal process commenced.

  • Work on planting & clearing, mostly in NE and SE corners - sea buckthorn, Rowan, dog rose etc and wildflower seeds planted.

  • Summer Party in August and a very successful work party on 9th October, but Annual Dinner cancelled again.

  • All signage refreshed and updated.


  • New Sluice Gate fitted by Nick Gates, wooden boat builders based at Emsworth Marina at a cost of £8,384.

  • Dolphin Quay Footpath gifted to the SMPPA by Mr & Mrs Wardle from Wharf House, King Street, in order that it is not developed - see THE EMS Newspaper article

  • March onwards - Coronavirus COVID-19.  Broomfield Schools Photographic competition and all other events cancelled. 


  • Footbridge refurbished in February - horizontal posts replaced (previously strengthened in 1993).

  • Approval granted to transfer the status of the SMPPA to a CIO (Charitable Incorporated Organisation, reducing liability for the Trustees).


  • Northern bird raft replaced.  Main bird raft re-sited and repaired after breaking free

  • Dolphin Quay planning approval given

  • Lumley Cottages phase 2 completed


  • East Bank strengthening and sleepers placed along Slipper Road


  • Lumley Cottages river flood wall stage 1 complete

  • East Bank – common reed second spray

  • Greater Black Backed Gulls - raft protection removed in the Autumn2014

  • Dolphin Quay planning application withdrawn

  • Ems flash flood - Christmas


  • EA, WSCC, Lumley residents, Brook Meadow and the SMPPA join to form the Lower River Ems Management Group

  • Accepted by them that the management of the pond does not cause flooding to upstream property

  • Environment Agency take over and replace the sluice at Constant Spring

  • Bird raft protection to discourage the Greater Black Backed Gulls

  • East Bank common reeds sprayed and posts put in to mark the reed boundary in waterline


  • Bird Book released

  • Following a generous donation from his Estate, the committee set up the 'Maurice Broomfield Photographic Competition' in his memory.

  • Tidal gates replaced

  • Ems flash flood - June

  • Greater Black Backed Gulls nested and raised chicks on raft


  • West bank repairs costing £75,000 completed thanks to grants


  • Emsworth Marina silt dredged


  • West bank planted with sea club rush


  • SMPPA Leaflet prepared and information boards replaced

  • Hermitage housing under construction

  • Bird flu scare


  • SMPPA - stake holder in Environment Agency's Catchment Flood Management Plan

  • DEFRA - Flood Management Forward Capital Programme - Westbourne to Emsworth Flood Improvement (HX80370) (Note silt level survey)

  • DEFRA - Coastal Defence Strategy - Porchester Creek to Emsworth - (JH60537)

  • Arup geotechnical assessment of West bank


  • Kissing gates and bike rack installed

  • Radar survey of bank - financial help from CHC

  • Emergency works to West tide gate outer wall by volunteers - helped again by CHC

  • Wave undercut sandbag bank infilled repaired by volunteers with full grant funding from WSCC & CDC


  • South-west bank repairs - inside and outside by volunteers


  • Sluice - paddle and assembly rebuilt


  • "Burgess" report discovers Lumley Cottages flooding was fluvial and not a result of the Pond Gates management regime. It was noted that the cottages themselves are low lying and could be swamped by exceptional tides.


  • Slipper Road repaired - SMPPA contributes £1,000 for bank strengthening.


  • Planning application for land alongside Hermitage Brook opposed on grounds of fear of pollution from untreated surface water


  • Slipper and Peter Ponds registered "Sites of Nature Conservation Interest" (SNCI)

  • ​October - Very high tides together with high flow rates in the Ems valley.  Flooding  - Lumley Cottages affected


  • Gate flank walls strengthened


  • Wimpey housing development surface water sewer proposal to discharge into pond objected to - rerouted through the Marina 

  • Rofe Kennedy & Lapworth report on River Ems


  •  Winter Floods

  • "Lambert" Report on cracks in the Gates - West Wall - April


  • Bank reconstruction


  • Bridge Repairs - November

  • Work on A259 Bridge not complete


  • No movement in Spillway crack - September

  • Dolphin Bank breach repaired

  • Sluice & gate repaired - October

  • West bank repairs with sandbags (BTCV)


  • SW Corner repaired with Reno mattress - January


  • Hampshire / West Sussex County border moved east so as to be along the west bank footpath - map here

  • "Older" Report on pond banks - January

  • Footbridge strengthened - summer


  • Sluice & outfall repaired

  • New A27 dual carriageway bypassing Emsworth opened

  • Stakes bridge rebuilt

  • Planning application for a block of flats to replace Chequers Garage. This was eventually granted after it had been reduced from 40 to 37 ft in height with a number of restrictions (September)


  • Nesting rafts made by Mr Owen Jones  were placed on the pond .... mallard and coot immediately took up residence


  • CHC laid gabions along North End of West Bank


  • Bank repairs with the British Trust for Conservation Volunteers


  • Pond purchased by 33 residents for £10,000 (£100 shares) - 8th May. The Pond is managed by "Emsworth Slipper Mill Pond Preservation Association" a registered charity, responsible for the banks, footpath, sluice and tide gates.

  • Upper pond (Norton common) now known as "Peter's Pond" after the father of the new owner Mrs. Kinloch Elizabeth Hollis. (Architect)


  • Association registered as a charity


  • Completion of removal of electrical shop and 3 houses and the widening of the bottom of Hermitage Hill


  • Copyright of drawing of gates given to SMPPA by Ken Simkin

  • BTCV first visit - 1000 sandbags

  • Paul Russell from West Ashling Mill constructed new gates and 'frame' from green oak specially felled by Stanstead Sawmills and delivered by Pat Mann. Forestside farmer.

  • British Trust for Conservation Volunteers first visit work on east side of west wall and path 1,000 sandbags, 2 tons cement, 17 cu yds ballast (March)

  • 16th November at 1.30pm new gates were officially closed by Chairman Coast & Countryside.  New gates estimate £883 - cost £1,600 when all finished).


  • September 10th - Assocn meeting. Gates are leaking so badly that it was proposed that we could either repair the gates or fix them and in effect turn them into a weir. Meeting agreed to have to Gates repaired and working. A fund raising committee formed. Tony Yoward,Ted Gastine, Group Capt David Hughes and Cdr Simon Coney.

  • Fund raising Committee formed

  • Gates rebuilt by Paul Russell - green oak and old fittings - £159


  • July 30th - Inner Relief Road opened.


  • Building of Inner Relief Road started and gates left open which increased the scour and built up the bank inside the pond.

  • Sluice repaired - £211


  • Mill wall breached - repaired by Assocn (£100), WSCC (£550) & CHC (£400)

  • July 4th - Meeting to discuss future of Slipper Mill Pond - some of the suggestions made were: Leaving the gates permanently open; Reclaiming the land for other purposes; Using the pond as a marina for 40 boats; For Winter storage of boats; Sailing area for dinghies and children's boats; Extend the southern wall across Dolphin channel with 20ft gates for access in order to save having to repair the western bank; Asbestos sheeting on either side of the western bank and fill with concrete (cost £45 per yd); Progressively sandbag (cost £40 yd)


  • April 23rd - Conveyance of the pond from Evelyn Hyacinthe Freke Daily to her daughter June Pamela McNaughton


  • Agreed with CHC to flush channel monthly

  • October - Gates worked on by Hitchman


  • Dr Russell of Cockle research came to look at pond

  • Conveyance to Evelyn Hyacinthe Dailey (Slipper House) from Leigh Thomas & Midland Bank

  • October 27th - Lease to Preservation Association for 21 yrs at £1 p.a. Lessees Kenneth William Rawlings, Irene Simmonds, Albert Edgar, Symonds, Peter W. John Messervy. Shrubs to be planted and boundary posts erected on east bank. Assocn membership fee set at £7 PA.

  • June 20th Harbour Authority asked for gates to be opened at regular intervals to flush the channel.


  • Mill Store converted into 4 houses - now called "Slipper Mill"


  • Pond offered to SMPPA for £4,000 - could not raise the cash


  • Slipper Mill Pond Preservation Association formed in July

  • Mill building pulled down by a rope and a Vauxhall car


  • Marina construction started


  • Deed between Leigh Thomas, Midland Bank and D.R.Sadler (Builders)


  •  Slipper Mill demolished


  • Mrs Dalley (owner of Slipper House, no. 2 Slipper Road) leased the pond from Leigh Thomas (Millers) who owned Slipper Mill and the Old Flour Mill,        paying £110 p.a. for 10 years


  • Mention in "Secret Sussex" by Hardiman Scott


  • Chequers Quay taken over for military use - including splays over pond needed for vehicular access 


  • Mill stops working - used for storage


  • Chequers Garage site bought by Ben Jones


  • Mill working - 2 (3) wheels - Wooden tuns cover the stone floor, Tentering wheel for adjusting stones, Grain came from bin floor above and flour from chute in front


  • Purchase of Mill & Pond by Leigh Thomas & Co Ltd - last operators of the mill - from Thomas Gater Bradfield Co Ltd - limited to self-raising flour


  • First sewer excavated across pond


  • Ropewalk not working


  • Big storm damaged Mill House. Miller's family moved to Round House until Slipper Mill Cottage built by Quinnells (IoW) Ltd


  • Stakes bridge rebuilt


  • Sparshott junior Royal Oak Public House (K)


  • Queen Street mill burnt down and rebuilt


  • George Albert Tatchell - rope manufacturers - Hermitage


  • Frank Burgess born in Roundhouse (Brickyard)

  • Miller for 52 years (1918-1972)


  • John Day junior - millwright - Hermitage


  • Thomas Bryerly - miller


  • OS map shows ropewalk worked by Adolphus Miller - J Tatchell & Son - rope manufacturers - Hermitage


  • New Slipper Mill - Boney Hatch


  • Slipper cottages - date on stone - built by Tatchell for workers


  • Roundhouse on map


  • Westbourne Tithe - Executors. of Rev. Lewis Way own Staggs Mill occupied by Thomas Newlyn


  • Pigots Hants Directory -  John Cousins & Sons, Slipper Mill


  • Queen Victoria is said to have passed over Stakes Bridge at Hermitage at about noon on 25th June, (Dolphin Hill renamed Queen Street?)


  • Norton Common enclosed

  • Richard Barwell died

  • Rev. Lewis Way purchased Stansted


  • Bridge built for the Turnpike Trust in 1762


  • About this time the Mill Pond level had been raised and the Upper Pond formed, flooding common land containing saw pits etc


  • Ropewalk owned by Richard & Stephen Miller


  • By this date the lower Mill pond had been built on part of Norton Common 

  • Ropewalk shown on map


  • Bardwell Map: Estate shows an extensive Slipper Wharf along what is now the Marina Bank; Roundhouse meadow called a brickyard;


  • Slipper Mill insured for £500 - premium 35/-


  • Turnpiking of Portsmouth to Chichester road

  • Stakes Bridge rebuilt


  • Mill & tidal pond built by Thomas Hendy on South part of Norton Common at the same time as he enlarged Hendy's Quay & built wharfage at Slipper. This covered the wadeway to Thorney and the route was diverted at the bottom of Sweare Lane (King Street) to run due South.


  • Budgen mentions Hermitage bridge


  • Great strides in agriculture, large harvests

  • Army garrisons and Navy increased needing more flour


  • Picture of road bridge in Ogilby's "Pocket Book of Roads"


  • First mention of "Slipper"  (Slype = mud) - referring to a plot of land


  • Map by Thomas Kington for Lord Lumley


  • Earliest reference to Lord's Mill, Queen Street - Thomas Swyfte, miller (Reger p 109)


  • Will of Simon Coates - left an endowment of land, a house and a chapel to allow a hermit to dwell and pray for the souls and maintain the causeway and bridge built by him. No one succeeded him and it is likely that he was one of the last hermits to exist in this country

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